Visit Padrão dos Descobrimentos Belém! It is a monument that stands out on the banks of the Tagus River and is located one hundred meters from the Belém Tower.
HISTORY – Visit padrão dos descobrimentos Belém
Also called the Monument to the Discoveries or the Monument to the Navigators, it is in Belém in the city of Lisbon.
It was built by the Estado Novo for the great exhibition of the Portuguese world (1940). It was the architect Cottinelli Telmo who was responsible for its architecture and the sculptures were the responsibility of Leopoldo de Almeida.
The monument was first thought as a tribute to Prince Henry the Navigator. The initial project was never realized, and Sagres (Algarve) was the planned location.
Later, during the preparation of the exhibition of the Portuguese world (1940), the initial project became the pattern of the Discoveries. It is a tribute to Prince Henry the Navigator and also to those who collaborated with him and those who followed his path. 8 months were enough for the monument to be built. In the initial construction perishable materials were used. For this reason, it had to be removed in 1958 to be rebuilt in the following 2 years. The new version of the Discoveries Standard was still made of lioz stone. It was Salazar who decided so 500 years after the birth of the Infante.
CHARACTERISTICS – Visit padrão dos descobrimentos Belém
In the shape of a caravel, it has 3 large sails that extend into a central and vertical pillar. Over the entrance of the monument, there is a huge sword. The infante Dom Henrique is in the bow of the caravel (of the pattern) holding a map in his left hand and a caravel in his right hand.
On each side of the monument, we find a long row of statues. They represent some of the most remarkable Portuguese who were in some way connected with the discoveries. Among these figures we find navigators, warriors, poets and scientists.
WIND ROSE – ROSA DOS VENTOS
In front of the entrance of the Pattern, a giant Wind Rose (50 meters in diameter) is represented on the ground. This figure was a gift from South Africa in 1960 and was ornamented with a mermaid, a fanciful fish and Neptune mounted on a marine animal.
WHAT DO YOU SEE IN YOUR VISIT TO THE PADRÃO DOS DESCOBRIMENTOS?
Divide your visit into 5 different moments:
1º- See and admire the exterior of the monument
2º- Buy the entrance ticket
3º- Watch the movie about the Discovery Pattern, which can be seen every day at 3:30pm. Here’s the trailler.
4th – Visit the exhibition that is on display at the time of your visit (the exhibitions are not permanent)
5th– Climb to the top of the monument to access its incredible viewpoint.
PORTUGUESE WORLD EXPOSITION
The “Padrão dos descobrimentos” was built for the Portuguese world exposition, which took place in Lisbon (Belém) in 1940. The purpose of the event was to commemorate the foundation of Portugal (1140) and also to celebrate the restoration of Independence (1640) lost to the Spanish. It is worth mentioning the fact that the exhibition coincided in time with World War II. This great demonstration was also a sign of vitality and consolidation of the New State and Salazar.
In the photograph above, we can see the first version of the pattern of the discoveries and also the famous light source of Belém, which also dates from 1940 and is a central element of the Garden of the Empire square.
FIGURES – Visit padrão dos descobrimentos Belém
There are many notable ones represented on both sides of the Discovery Pattern. As we have already mentioned, Prince Henry the Navigator leads a line of illustrious people in the sciences, arts and even warriors. In this article, we have chosen to include those we believe to have been the most illustrious among the notables.
HENRY THE NAVIGATOR
In the bow of the caravel (of the pattern) is the Infante Dom Henrique (1394-1460). He was the most important figure of the Portuguese maritime discoveries and was known as Infante de Sagres or Navigator. The Infante surrounded himself with sages and navigators and with them began the glorious period of the Portuguese discoveries. The archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores were discovered during his lifetime. It was under his direction that the settlement and development of the archipelagos took place.
It is in the monastery of battle that we can find the remains of the Navigator.
WESTERN SIDE – PADRÃO DOS DESCOBRIMENTOS
LUÍS VAZÕES DE CAMÕES
The greatest poet of the Portuguese language is represented in the pattern of the discoveries on the west side (on the tower side of Belém). There are many doubts about the true story of Luís Vaz de Camões. He was born in Lisbon in 1579 or 1580, from a small family with some possessions. Nothing is known for sure about his childhood. It is known, however, that he received a thorough education as a teenager. He mastered Latin, literature and history. Some say he studied at Coimbra University but there are no written records of his passage there.
The poet’s many love affairs are generally accepted. A troubled personal life to which he added a taste for the bohemian and bourgeois life. Some say he lost an eye in a battle and some say he lost it in a love dispute. He was arrested for wounding a man. He was pardoned and left for the East where he was arrested again several times and where he fought for Portugal. In the East he wrote the greatest work of national literature, an epic about Portugal: “Os Lusíadas”. After returning from the war, he received a small pension that, in his last years of life, would have barely arrived to maintain a dignified life.
EAST SIDE OF THE MONUMENT
VASCO DA GAMA (1469 – 1524)
It’s the third statue on the east side of the Discovery Pattern.
Born in Alentejo (Sines) near the Church of our Lady of Salvas. Sines was at that time a very small village with a small fishing community supported by the Port of Sines.
There is little information about the first phase of the life of this great name in Portuguese maritime exploration. It is known that he was a profound connoisseur of astronomy and mathematics and is thought to have learned in Évora.
It was Manuel I of Portugal who appointed Vasco da Gama as captain of the expedition which, in 1497, left Belém for India. There were 170 men distributed over 4 boats in what was, at that time, the longest maritime voyage ever made. The arrival in India (Calicut) takes place on May 20, 1498.
VIRTUAL TOUR – PADRÃO DOS DESCOBRIMENTOS
Visit the pattern of the discoveries with calm and time so that you can enjoy all that this beautiful monument has to offer you. Here are the different possibilities regarding ticket prices.
The timing of the Discovery Pattern varies according to demand and time of year.